Business and Economy of TezpurTezpur is one of the important trading center in the Sonitpur district. The economy of Tezpur is based on agriculture. Other small scale industries like Tea industry, handicraft and handloom, sericulture. The tourism industry of Tezpur also contributes to the economy of the city and the state as whole. Some other elements that contribute to the economy of this region include weaving, fishery, Poultry Production and Bamboo and Cane work. Some of the sectors that contribute to the economy of the state are mentioned below.
Agriculture in Tezpur
Agriculture is the backbone of the economy of Tezpur. Around 80% of the population of the district depends on agriculture. In most parts of the district, rain fed cultivation of single paddy crop is still prevalent. With the help of modern irrigation facilities multiple cropping is made possible. Both Kharif and Rabi cropping is done in this region. Some of the major crops cultivated in the region are jute, sugarcane, Tea, Pulses, rice, mustard and paddy. Apart from these other subsidiary crops grown in the region are potato, vegetables, tobacco and fruits like banana, coconuts, pineapples, mangoes and oranges.
Tea Gardens in TezpurThe next most contributor to the economy of Tezpur is the existence of large number of tea gardens. The Sonitpur district has all together seventy three tea gardens. Monabari in the Sonitpur district is Asia's largest tea garden. Previously, the tea gardens were owned by European Tea companies but in recent times Indian Tea companies like Brooke Bond, Tata tea are taking over the ownership of the tea gardens.
Tourism Industry in TezpurTourism industry is another sector that contributes to the economy of Tezpur and the state as a whole. Tezpur described as the city of eternal love is famous for its ancient Hindu temples, archeological ruins and beautiful parks. The various tourist spots in Tezpur offer excellent opportunity to develop different types of tourism in Tezpur. Some of the important tourist spots in Tezpur are: Chitralekha Udyan,Agnigarh,Padum Pukhuri,Kolia Bhomora Bridge, Bhairabi Temple, Ketakeshwar Dewal, Mahabhairav Temple, Haleswar and Rudrapada Temple.
Small Scale and Cottage Industries in Tezpur
FisheryFishery in Tezpur is a popular commercial activity but the fishery sector in the district is not developed to the desired level. Around 90% of the fish products are imported to different region. The Brahmaputra River and about 1000 of ponds in the district provide huge opportunity for fish production.
WeavingAnother important cottage industry is the handloom weaving that has been flourishing in Tezpur as well in Assam since time immemorial. Every Assamese household still practice handloom weaving. Most of its items are of utility value. Some of the handloom products includes, eri chadar, riha and muga mekhla.
SericultureSericulture is another very important cottage industry not only in Sonitpur but also in the state of Assam. During the agricultural off season, the people of the district extensively practice Sericulture as a subsidiary occupation. The district is well known for excellent quality of silk and the region also has a tremendous scope to develop sericulture. The Silk found in the region are Eri, pat and Muga. Sericulture occupies a major place in the rural economy of Sonitpur.
Other Important small scale industry in TezpurSome of the other important small scale industry in Tezpuer are:
- Poultry Production
- Gold and Silver Smithy
- Bamboo and Cane work